“Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things.”
— Isaac Newton,physicist and theologian
Lincoln Stoller, PhD, 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) www.mindstrengthbalance.com
Allan Ropper says, in his book Reaching Down the Rabbit Hole (2014): “An understanding of confusion has yet to be operationalized… It is not, technically, a disease, but a syndrome, a collection of problems.”
Confusion exists on an interesting spectrum. We have a rough idea of what it means to have no confusion and what it means to be entirely confused. But on closer inspection, a complete absence of confusion has much in common with being completely confused. The difference in the two extremes is somewhat subjective. It’s what you decide to be.
A completely certain person is not sane or else they’re not living in the real world, and we can say the same about a completely confused person. In either case, the person involved may claim themselves to be at either extreme; what determines whether they are or are not confused depends more on our judgment, not theirs.
“Be confused. Confusion is where inspiration comes from.”
― Robyn Mundell, author
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